The Growing Pains of Urbanization MCQ Questions for U.S History Chapter 19

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MCQ Questions for U.S. History with Answers chapter 19

Questions

Which of the following four elements was not essential for creating massive urban growth in late nineteenth-century America?

(a) electric lighting
(b) communication improvements
(c) skyscrapers
(d) settlement houses

(d) settlement houses


Questions

Which of the following did the settlement house movement offer as a means of relief for working-class women?

(a) childcare
(b) job opportunities
(c) political advocacy
(d) relocation services

(a) childcare


Questions

Why did African Americans consider moving from the rural South to the urban North following the Civil War?

(a) to be able to buy land
(b) to avoid slavery
(c) to find wage-earning work
(d) to further their education

(c) to find wage-earning work


Questions

Which of the following is true of late nineteenth-century southern and eastern European immigrants, as opposed to their western and northern European predecessors?

(a) Southern and eastern European immigrants tended to be wealthier.
(b) Southern and eastern European immigrants were, on the whole, more skilled and able to find better paying employment.
(c) Many southern and eastern European immigrants acquired land in the West, while western and northern European immigrants tended to remain in urban centers.
(d) Ellis Island was the first destination for most southern and eastern Europeans.

(d) Ellis Island was the first destination for most southern and eastern Europeans.


Questions

Which of the following was a popular pastime for working-class urban dwellers?

(a) football games
(b) opera
(c) museums
(d) amusement parks

(d) amusement parks


Questions

Which of the following was a disadvantage of machine politics?

(a) Immigrants did not have a voice.
(b) Taxpayers ultimately paid higher city taxes due to graft.
(c) Only wealthy parts of the city received timely responses.
(d) Citizens who voiced complaints were at risk for their safety.

(b) Taxpayers ultimately paid higher city taxes due to graft.


Questions

Which of the following statements accurately represents Thorstein Veblenโ€™s argument in The Theory of the Leisure Class?

(a) All citizens of an industrial society would rise or fall based on their own innate merits.
(b) The tenets of naturalism were the only laws through which society should be governed.
(c) The middle class was overly focused on its own comfort and consumption.
(d) Land and natural resources should belong equally to all citizens.

(c) The middle class was overly focused on its own comfort and consumption.


Questions

Which of the following was not an element of realism?

(a) social Darwinism
(b) instrumentalism
(c) naturalism
(d) pragmatism

(a) social Darwinism


Questions

What technological and economic factors combined to lead to the explosive growth of American cities at this time?

Answer: At the end of the nineteenth century, a confluence of events made urban life more desirable and more possible. Technologies such as electricity and the telephone allowed factories to build and grow in cities, and skyscrapers enabled the relatively small geographic areas to continue expanding. The new demand for workers spurred a massive influx of job-seekers from both rural areas of the United States and from eastern and southern Europe. Urban housingโ€”as well as services such as transportation and sanitationโ€”expanded accordingly, though cities struggled to cope with the surging demand. Together, technological innovations and an exploding population led American cities to grow as never before.


Questions

In what way did education play a crucial role in the emergence of the middle class?

Answer: Better public education and the explosion of high schools meant that the children of the middle class were better educated than any previous generation. While college had previously been mostly restricted to children of the upper class, the creation of land-grant colleges made college available on a wide scale. The curricula at these new colleges matched the needs of the middle class, offering practical professional training rather than the liberal arts focus that the Ivy League schools embraced. Thus, children of the emerging middle class were able to access the education and training needed to secure their place in the professional class for generations to come.


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